Last modified 10 years ago Last modified on 02/09/2012 04:48:26 PM

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simple calculations

command: CALC <type> <&var> <=> <operand1> [<operation> [<operand2>]] [<p>]


  • <type> parameter type: char
    Determines type of operators <operand1>, <operand2> and result type. Possible values are "i" (integer), "r" (real), "s" (string) and "t" (time).
  • <&var> parameter type: symbol address
    Variable where to store the result of the calculation. This may be a local or global variable.
  • <=> parameter type: constant
    Must be "="-character.
  • <operand1>, <operand2> parameter type: depends on <type>
  • <operation> parameter type: string
    Operation to be applied to operators.

For detailed information see type table below.

type table

<type> operation <operand1> <operand2> result-type task
operations on integer numbers
i + i i i addition of integers
i - i i i subtraction of integers
i * i i i multiplication of integers
i div i i i division of integers (no remainder)
i mod i i i remainder of integer division
i int f   i return integer value of float
operations on real numbers
r + r r r addition of real numbers
r - r r r subtraction of real numbers
r * r r r multiplication of real numbers
r div r r r division of real numbers
r abs r   r remove sign
r arccos r   r arccos of <operand1> in degrees
r arcsin r   r arcsin of <operand1> in degrees
r arctan r   r arctan of <operand1> in degrees
r arctan2 r r r arctan of <operand1>/<operand2> in degrees
r cos r   r cosine of <operand1> (input in degrees)
r sin r   r sine of <operand1> (input in degrees)
r tan r   r tangens of <operand1> (input in degrees)
r cosh r   r cosh of <operand1>
r sinh r   r sinh of <operand1>
r tanh r   r tanh of <operand1>
r exp r   r exp(<operand1>)
r ln r   r natural logarithm
r log r   r decimal logarithm
r power r r r exponentiation of <operand1> by <operand2>
r sqrt r   r square root of <operand1>
operations on strings
s + s s s concatenation with blank
s parse s i s takes "<operand2>"-th substring of <operand1>
s extract s i(+i) s extracts <p> chars from pos <operand2>
s lower s s s turn one character after <operand2> into lower case
s lowercase s   s change <operand1> into lower case
s upper s   s change <operand1> into upper case
s phaseupper s   s pre-seed all lower case characters with V and return upper case string
s doslash s   s replace back-slash by forward slash
s qname s t s construct filename from station (<operand1>) and time (<operand2>)
s strlen s   i return length of <operand1>
operations on time values
t tdiff t t r computes difference of absolute times in sec
t tadd t r t adds <operand2> secs to <operand1>
t julian t   i return julian day of <operand1>
t cnv_julian i i s calc month and day out of year (<operand1>) and julian day (<operand2>)
t make_time s   t turn string "year month day hour minute second ms" into SH time string

Note: The "extract" operation requires an additional parameter <p> specifying the number of characters to be extracted.


  • /fmt
    Produces output in a special format. Format string must be entered as in C printf commands. The format string should be enclosed in "< >" brackets. Note the automatic lowercase to uppercase conversion of the command line interpreter. To prevent this conversion for a single character within a format string precede this character by a "@"-sign (Example: /fmt=<%5.2@f> creates real number in floating point format "%5.2f" with two decimal digits).


calc r &res = 2.0 * ^delta(1)
computes real multiplication of sample distance of second trace by two and stores the result in variable "res"
calc s &str = teststring
copies string "TESTSTRING" to variable "str"
calc r &res = ^maxval(2) sqrt
computes square root of maximum value of trace 2 and stores result in variable "res"